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Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Jul;103:1545-1551. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.04.155. Epub 2018 May 7.

Resveratrol protects bupivacaine-induced neuro-apoptosis in dorsal root ganglion neurons via activation on tropomyosin receptor kinase A.

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Department of Orthopedic, No. 89 Hospital of Chinese PLA, Weifang, 261021, China.
Medicine Research Center, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, Shandong, 261053, China.
Medicine Research Center, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, Shandong, 261053, China. Electronic address:



General anesthesia in spinal cord may lead to unexpected but irreversible neurotoxicity. We investigated whether resveratrol (RSV) may protect bupivacaine (BUP)-induced neuro-apoptosis in spinal cord dorsal root ganglia (DRG).


Mouse DRG cells were cultured in vitro, pre-treated with RSV and then 5 mM BUP. A concentration-dependent effect of RSV on reducing BUP-induced apoptosis of DRG neurons (DRGNs) was evaluated using a TUNEL assay. QRT-PCR and western blot assays were also conducted to evaluate gene and protein expressions of tropomyosin receptor kinase A/B/C (TrkA/B/C) and activated (phosphorylated) Trk receptors, phospho-TrkA/B/C. In addition, a functional TrkA blocking antibody MNAC13 was applied in DRG culture to further measure the functional role of Trk receptor in RSV-initiated apoptotic protection on BUP-damaged DRGNs.


BUP promoted significant apoptosis in DRG. RSV exhibited protective effects against BUP-induced neuro-apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. qRT-PCR and western blot showed that RSV did not alter TrkA/B/C gene or protein expression, but significantly upregulated phospho-TrkA. Conversely, application of MNAC13 decreased phospho-TrkA and reversed RSV-initiated neuro-protection on BUP-induced DRGN apoptosis.


Resveratrol may protect anesthesia-induced DRG neuro-apoptosis, and activation of TrkA signaling pathway may be the underlying mechanism in this process.


Anesthesia; Bupivacaine; Dorsal root ganglion neuron; Resveratrol; Spinal cord; TrkA

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