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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2018 Oct 1;267:36-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.05.029. Epub 2018 Jun 2.

Possible involvement of thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor 3 in the release of prolactin in the metamorphosing bullfrog larvae.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Toho University, Chiba 274-8510, Japan; Division of Life Science, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570, Japan.
2
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Toho University, Chiba 274-8510, Japan.
3
Division of Life Science, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570, Japan.
4
Department of Biology, Faculty of Education and Integrated Sciences, Center for Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Waseda University, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.
5
Division of Life Science, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570, Japan. Electronic address: tkoba@mail.saitama-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

In amphibians, thyrotropin (TSH), corticotropin (ACTH) and prolactin (PRL) are regarded as the major pituitary hormones involved in metamorphosis, their releasing factors being corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), arginine vasotocin (AVT), and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), respectively. It is also known that thyrotropes and corticotropes are equipped with CRF type-2 receptor and AVT V1b receptor, respectively. As for PRL cells, information about the type of receptor for TRH (TRHR) through which the action of TRH is mediated to induce the release of PRL is lacking. In order to fill this gap, an attempt was made to characterize the TRHR subtype existing in the PRL cells of the anterior pituitary gland of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana. We cloned cDNAs for three types of bullfrog TRHRs, namely TRHR1, TRHR2 and TRHR3, and confirmed that all of them are functional receptors for TRH by means of reporter gene assay. Analyses with semi-quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and in situ hybridization revealed that TRHR3 mRNA is expressed in the anterior lobe and that the signals reside mostly in the PRL cells. It was also noted that the expression levels of TRHR3 mRNA in the anterior pituitary as well as in the PRL cells of metamorphosing tadpoles elevate as metamorphosis progresses. Since the pattern of changes in TRHR3 mRNA levels in the larval pituitary is almost similar to that previously observed in the pituitary PRL mRNA and plasma PRL levels, we provide a view that TRHR3 mediates the action of TRH on the PRL cells to induce the release of PRL that is prerequisite for growth and metamorphosis in amphibians.

KEYWORDS:

Bullfrog; Metamorphosis; Pituitary gland; Prolactin; Thyrotropin-releasing hormone; Thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor

PMID:
29864416
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.05.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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