Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Gastroenterol. 2018 Nov/Dec;52 Suppl 1, Proceedings from the 9th Probiotics, Prebiotics and New Foods, Nutraceuticals and Botanicals for Nutrition & Human and Microbiota Health Meeting, held in Rome, Italy from September 10 to 12, 2017:S57-S61. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001068.

Micronized Cells of the Probiotic Strain Bifidobacterium lactis BS01 Activate Monocyte Polarization: A New Approach.

Author information

1
Biolab Research S.r.l., Novara, Italy.

Abstract

GOALS:

The aim of this research was to evaluate whether micronized cells (MCs) from selected biotherapeutic bacteria have the ability to effectively modulate the polarization of monocyte/macrophage subpopulations to advantageously provide a first line of defense against infections.

BACKGROUND:

Inflammation is a reaction of the host to viral and bacterial infections with the physiological purpose of restoring tissue homeostasis. However, uncontrolled or unresolved inflammation can lead to tissue damage, giving rise to a plethora of chronic inflammatory diseases. The monocytes/macrophages play a key role in the initiation and resolution of inflammation through different activation programs.

STUDY:

MCs were obtained from Bifidobacterium lactis BS01 strain using a Bioimmunizer extraction protocol. Monocytes were stimulated with the probiotic strain and/or MCs (10 mg/mL) for 24 hours and 5 days. Monocyte/macrophage differentiation was evaluated by cytometry analysis of surface markers and the activity of the 2 subpopulations on oxidative stress was assessed in an in vitro oxidative stress model with a spectrophotometric test.

RESULTS:

The MCs have been shown to modulate considerably the 2 subpopulations of human monocytes/macrophages, both the "patrolling subpopulation" and the "inflammatory subpopulation," thus highlighting a strong immunostimulatory effect. In addition, MCs are able to mitigate significantly the oxidative stress induced by homocysteine in an in vitro model.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that MCs derived from the biotherapeutic strain BS01 could represent a possible therapy aimed to effectively prevent and/or cure viral, bacterial, fungal, or protozoal diseases, as well as prevent and/or treat inflammatory processes triggered by external pathogenic agents.

PMID:
29864069
DOI:
10.1097/MCG.0000000000001068
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center