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J Sports Sci. 2019 Jan;37(1):59-66. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1482526. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

False-performance feedback does not affect punching forces and pacing of elite boxers.

Author information

a Physiology Discipline , Australian Institute of Sport , Canberra , Australia.
b Centre for Exercise and Sport Science Research, School of Medical & Health Sciences , Edith Cowan University , Joondalup , Australia.
c Executive Office, New South Wales Institute of Sport, Sydney Olympic Park , NSW , Australia.
d University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise (UCRISE), Faculty of Health, University of Canberra , Canberra , Australia.


Prior research indicates that providing participants with positive augmented feedback tends to enhance motor learning and performance, whereas the opposite occurs with negative feedback. However, the majority of studies were conducted with untrained participants performing unfamiliar motor tasks and so it remains unclear if elite athletes completing familiar tasks respond in a similar fashion. Thus, this study investigated the effects of three different versions of false-performance feedback on punching force (N), pacing (force over time) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) in 15 elite amateur male boxers. Athletes completed a simulated boxing bout consisting of three rounds with 84 maximal effort punches delivered to a punching integrator on four separate days. Day one was a familiarisation session in which no feedback was provided. In the following three days athletes randomly received false-positive, false-negative and false-neutral feedback on their punching performance between each round. No statistical or meaningful differences were observed in punching forces, pacing or RPE between conditions (P > 0.05; ≤ 2%). These null results could stem from the elite status of the athletes involved, the focus on performance rather than learning, or they may indicate that false feedback has a less potent effect on performance than previously thought.


Verbal instructions; boxing; coaching cues; combat sport; punching forces

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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