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Med Sci Monit. 2018 Jun 4;24:3736-3743. doi: 10.12659/MSM.909915.

The Impact of the Use of Kinesio Taping Method on the Reduction of Swelling in Patients After Orthognathic Surgery: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Independent Laboratory of Propaedeutic and Dental Physical Diagnostics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.
2
Scientific Laboratory of Dysfunction of the Masticatory System, Chair and Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.
3
Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, Opole, Poland.
4
Department of Clinical Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, Opole, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Orthognathic surgery (OGS) is associated with extensive surgical intervention within the soft and hard tissues of the facial region of the skull leading to inflammatory reactions. The presence of postoperative swelling indicates the accumulation of exudate or transudate; both these fluids occur in surgery. Massive swelling is a significant problem, because the tension of tissues intensifies pain sensations. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the kinesio taping method (KT) in patients after orthognathic surgery in the area of the facial skull in terms of eliminating postoperative swelling. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study of the impact of kinesiology tape applied after orthognathic surgery to the craniofacial area on the elimination of swelling was performed in sixteen patients who suffered from this complication after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy. RESULTS The swelling was shown to be reduced after KT; within the same study the differences were statistically significant between the left and right sides and for the same side (p<0.05). The application of the lymphatic kinesio taping method led to the reduction of tension in the affected area and restoration of proper lymphatic circulation in the region covered by swelling. This allows for the improvement of the blood and lymph microcirculation and activation of self-healing processes. CONCLUSIONS The analysis of the impact of the practical use of the lymphatic KT on complications after orthognathic surgery revealed that it had a beneficial effect on the reduction of swelling. The use of the KT method seems promising because it is simple to carry out, not traumatic, economical and rarely causes undesirable allergies.

PMID:
29861496
PMCID:
PMC6015478
DOI:
10.12659/MSM.909915
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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