Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Cardiol. 2018 Oct 1;268:125-131. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.031. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Interventional left atrial appendage closure may affect metabolism of essential amino acids and bioenergetic efficacy.

Author information

1
First Department of Medicine, University Medical Centre Mannheim (UMM), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, European Center for AngioScience (ECAS) and DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research) partner site Heidelberg/Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.
2
First Department of Medicine, University Medical Centre Mannheim (UMM), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, European Center for AngioScience (ECAS) and DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research) partner site Heidelberg/Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany. Electronic address: michael.behnes@umm.de.
3
Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg - Bad Krozingen, Clinic of Cardiology and Angiology II, Bad Krozingen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Interventional closure of left atrial appendage (LAAC) represents an alternative for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Whether LAAC may affect metabolomic pathways has not been investigated yet. This study evaluates the impact of LAAC on the metabolism of essential amino acids, kynurenine and creatinine.

METHODS:

Peripheral blood samples of prospectively enrolled patients undergoing successful LAAC were taken before (T0) and 6 months after (T1, mid-term follow-up). Targeted metabolomic profiling was performed using electrospray ionization liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (ESI-LC-MS/MS) and MS/MS measurements focusing on metabolism of essential amino acids.

RESULTS:

44 patients with non-valvular AF (mean CHA2DS2-VASc score 4, mean HAS-BLED score 4) were enrolled. Changes in metabolites of essential amino acids, myocardial contraction and bioenergetic efficacy, such as phenylalanine (percentage change 8.2%, p = 0.006), tryptophan (percentage change 20.3%, p = 0.0006), tyrosine (percentage change 20.2%, p = 0.0001), creatinine (percentage change 7.2%, p > 0.05) and kynurenine (percentage change 8.3%, p = 0.0239) were found at mid-term follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

LAAC may affect the metabolism of essential amino acids and bioenergetic efficacy. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02985463.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; Creatinine; Essential amino acids; Kynurenine; Left atrial appendage; Metabolomics

PMID:
29861102
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center