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Pflugers Arch. 2018 Sep;470(9):1335-1348. doi: 10.1007/s00424-018-2160-x. Epub 2018 Jun 2.

Expression and function of Anoctamin 1/TMEM16A calcium-activated chloride channels in airways of in vivo mouse models for cystic fibrosis research.

Author information

1
Department of Animal Molecular Physiology, Centre of Organismal Studies, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 504, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
2
Department of Translational Pulmonology, Translational Lung Research Center Heidelberg (TLRC), German Center for Lung Research (DZL), University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 156, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
3
Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.
4
Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), Berlin, Germany.
5
Department of Animal Molecular Physiology, Centre of Organismal Studies, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 504, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. frings@uni-heidelberg.de.

Abstract

Physiological processes of vital importance are often safeguarded by compensatory systems that substitute for primary processes in case these are damaged by gene mutation. Ca2+-dependent Cl- secretion in airway epithelial cells may provide such a compensatory mechanism for impaired Cl- secretion via cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channels in cystic fibrosis (CF). Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) Ca2+-gated Cl- channels are known to contribute to calcium-dependent Cl- secretion in tracheal and bronchial epithelia. In the present study, two mouse models of CF were examined to assess a potential protective function of Ca2+-dependent Cl- secretion, a CFTR deletion model (cftr-/-), and a CF pathology model that overexpresses the epithelial Na+ channel β-subunit (βENaC), which is encoded by the Scnn1b gene, specifically in airway epithelia (Scnn1b-Tg). The expression levels of ANO1 were examined by mRNA and protein content, and the channel protein distribution between ciliated and non-ciliated epithelial cells was analyzed. Moreover, Ussing chamber experiments were conducted to compare Ca2+-dependent Cl- secretion between wild-type animals and the two mouse models. Our results demonstrate that CFTR and ANO1 channels were co-expressed with ENaC in non-ciliated cells of mouse tracheal and bronchial epithelia. Ciliated cells did not express these proteins. Despite co-localization of CFTR and ANO1 in the same cell type, cells in cftr-/- mice displayed no altered expression of ANO1. Similarly, ANO1 expression was unaffected by βENaC overexpression in the Scnn1b-Tg line. These results suggest that the CF-related environment in the two mouse models did not induce ANO1 overexpression as a compensatory system.

KEYWORDS:

Airway epithelium; Anoctamin; Chloride secretion; Cystic fibrosis; Mouse models; TMEM16A

PMID:
29860639
DOI:
10.1007/s00424-018-2160-x

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