Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Womens Ment Health. 2018 Dec;21(6):777-784. doi: 10.1007/s00737-018-0865-7. Epub 2018 Jun 2.

Postpartum depression and resilience predict parenting sense of competence in women with childhood maltreatment history.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, DePaul University, 2219 N Kenmore Ave, Chicago, IL, 60614, USA.
2
Department of Psychopedagogy, Universidad de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico.
3
Department of Psychiatry, and Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
4
Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, and Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. muzik@med.umich.edu.
6
Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Depression Center, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2701, USA. muzik@med.umich.edu.

Abstract

This study examines the effect of a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) on parenting sense of competence, taking into account the influence of resilience and postpartum depressive symptoms as moderators of this relationship. Participants (N = 131) were a community sample of women recruited into a larger study of maternal childhood maltreatment. Women completed questionnaires over the phone at 4 months postpartum and parenting sense of competence (PSOC) was assessed during a home visit at 6 months postpartum. A three-way interaction emerged; women with low depression and high resilience factors maintained high levels of PSOC, even when they had a CM history. In contrast, among women with one postpartum risk factor (depression or low resilience) CM was associated with decreased PSOC. Results suggest that a mother's well-being postpartum moderates the effect of a childhood maltreatment history on her parenting sense of competence. Reducing postpartum depressive symptoms and enhancing resilience may be important components for interventions that address parenting confidence with maltreated women.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood maltreatment; Depression; Parenting competence; Resilience

PMID:
29860623
PMCID:
PMC6240379
[Available on 2019-12-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s00737-018-0865-7

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center