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Int J Mol Sci. 2018 May 31;19(6). pii: E1638. doi: 10.3390/ijms19061638.

Anti-Apoptosis and Anti-Fibrosis Effects of Eriobotrya Japonica in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat Hearts.

Author information

1
Graduate Institute of Aging Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. daisy2@ms14.hinet.net.
2
Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. farheenkbiotech@gmail.com.
3
Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. shibu@mail.cmu.edu.tw.
4
Department of Pharmacy, Taiwan Adventist Hospital, Taipei 10556, Taiwan. 149374@tahsda.org.tw.
5
Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, New Taipei City 11260, Taiwan. 149374@tahsda.org.tw.
6
Department of Nursing, Mei Ho University, 23 Pingguang Road, Pingtung 91202, Taiwan. x00003061@meiho.edu.tw.
7
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Taichung Armed Forces Taichung General Hospital, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. doc98049@yahoo.com.tw.
8
Department of Pathology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan. yuemin0607@yahoo.com.tw.
9
Department of Biotechnology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641 046, India. padma.vijaya@gmail.com.
10
School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. liao@mail.cmu.edu.tw.
11
Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. cyhuang@mail.cmu.edu.tw.
12
Graduate Institute of Chinese Medical Science, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. cyhuang@mail.cmu.edu.tw.
13
Department of Biological Science, Asia University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan. cyhuang@mail.cmu.edu.tw.

Abstract

Myocardial apoptosis and fibrosis represent important contributing factors for development of hypertension-induced heart failure. The present study aims to investigate the potential effects of Eriobotrya japonica leaf extract (EJLE) against hypertension-induced cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Twelve-week-old male rats were randomly divided into four different groups; control Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, hypertensive SHR rats, SHR rats treated with a low dose (100 mg/kg body weight) of EJLE and SHR rats treated with a high dose (300 mg/kg body weight) of EJLE. Animals were acclimatized for 4 weeks and thereafter were gastric fed for 8 weeks with two doses of EJLE per week. The rats were then euthanized following cardiac functional analysis by echocardiography. The cardiac tissue sections were examined by Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase-Mediated Deoxyuridine Triphosphate (dUTP) Nick End-Labeling (TUNEL) assay, histological staining and Western blotting to assess the cardio-protective effects of EJ in SHR animals. Echocardiographic measurements provided convincing evidence to support the ability of EJ to ameliorate crucial cardiac functional characteristics. Furthermore, our results reveal that supplementation of EJLE effectively attenuated cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis and also enhanced cell survival in hypertensive SHR hearts. Thus, the present study concludes that EJLE potentially provides cardio-protective effects against hypertension-induced cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis in SHR animals.

KEYWORDS:

Eriobotrya japonica; SHRs; apoptosis; fibrosis

PMID:
29857545
PMCID:
PMC6032044
DOI:
10.3390/ijms19061638
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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