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Exp Brain Res. 1985;58(1):125-33.

Patterns of cytochrome oxidase activity in areas 17, 18 and 19 of the visual cortex of cats and kittens.


The laminar pattern of cytochrome oxidase activity was studied in visual cortical areas 17, 18 and 19 in adult cats and kittens, following electrophysiological determination of the boundaries of these areas in all but the youngest animals. The patterns of cytochrome oxidase staining and the cytoarchitectonic appearances of areas 17, 18 and 19 were compared. At all ages activity was especially high in the region of layers IV and VI in areas 17 and 18, and was low in all laminae in area 19. The results suggest that the degree of cytochrome oxidase activity in these regions of the visual cortex may be related to the strength and type of projection that they receive from the lateral geniculate nucleus. The cytochrome oxidase technique is a useful means of defining the 18/19 border, and may help locate the boundary between areas 17 and 18, in both adult cats and kittens.

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