Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Stem Cells Int. 2018 Apr 29;2018:8146834. doi: 10.1155/2018/8146834. eCollection 2018.

Fish Scale-Derived Scaffolds for Culturing Human Corneal Endothelial Cells.

Author information

1
International Center for Ocular Physiopathology, Fondazione Banca degli Occhi del Veneto Onlus, Venice, Italy.
2
Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Biomedicine, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
3
Ophthalmology, Visual Optics and Visual Rehabilitation, Translational Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
4
The Centre for Cell Therapy and Regenerative Medicine, Antwerp University Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium.

Abstract

Purpose:

To investigate the biocompatibility of fish scale-derived scaffolds (FSS) with primary human corneal endothelial cells (HCEnCs).

Methods:

HCEnCs were isolated from 30 donor corneas in a donor-matched study and plated in precoated Lab-Tek slides (n = 15) and FSS (n = 15). Cell morphology, proliferation/migration, and glucose uptake were studied (n = 30). Hoechst, ethidium homodimer, and calcein AM (HEC) staining was performed to determine viability and toxicity (n = 6). The cell surface area was calculated based on calcein AM staining. HCEnCs were stained for ZO-1 (n = 6) to detect tight junctions and to measure cell morphology; Ki-67 (n = 6) to measure proliferating cells; and vinculin to quantify focal adhesions (n = 6). The formation of de novo extracellular matrix was analyzed using histology (n = 6).

Results:

HCEnCs attach and grow faster on Lab-Tek slides compared to the undulating topography of the FSS. At day 11, HCEnCs on Lab-Tek slide grew 100% confluent, while FSS was only 65% confluent (p = 0.0883), with no significant difference in glucose uptake between the two (p = 0.5181) (2.2 μg/mL in Lab-Tek versus 2.05 μg/mL in FSS). HEC staining showed no toxicity. The surface area of the cells in Lab-Tek was 409.1 μm2 compared to 452.2 μm2 on FSS, which was not significant (p = 0.5325). ZO-1 showed the presence of tight junctions in both conditions; however, hexagonality was higher (74% in Lab-Tek versus 45% in FSS; p = 0.0006) with significantly less polymorphic cells on Lab-Tek slides (8% in Lab-Tek versus 16% in FSS; p = 0.0041). Proliferative cells were detected in both conditions (4.6% in Lab-Tek versus 4.2% in FSS; p = 0.5922). Vinculin expression was marginally higher in HCEnCs cultured on Lab-Tek (234 versus 199 focal adhesions; p = 0.0507). Histological analysis did not show the formation of a basement membrane.

Conclusions:

HCEnCs cultured on precoated FSS form a monolayer, displaying correct morphology, cytocompatibility, and absence of toxicity. FSS needs further modification in terms of structure and surface chemistry before considering it as a potential carrier for cultured HCEnCs.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Hindawi Limited Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center