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Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2018 Jul;161:145-172. doi: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2018.04.013. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Diseases diagnosis using fuzzy logic methods: A systematic and meta-analysis review.

Author information

1
Department of Health Information Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences-International Campus (TUMS-IC), No #17, 5th Floor, Farredanesh Alley, Ghods St, Enghelab Ave, Tehran, Iran.
2
Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, No #17, 5th Floor, Farredanesh Alley, Ghods St, Enghelab Ave, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: m-gholamzadeh@razi.tums.ac.ir.
3
Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, No #17, 5th Floor, Farredanesh Alley, Ghods St, Enghelab Ave, Tehran, Iran.
4
Faculty of Computing, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; Young Researchers and Elite Club, Yasooj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasooj, Iran; Department of Computer Engineering, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran. Electronic address: nilashidotnet@hotmail.com.
5
Department of Civil Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qzavin, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Diagnosis as the initial step of medical practice, is one of the most important parts of complicated clinical decision making which is usually accompanied with the degree of ambiguity and uncertainty. Since uncertainty is the inseparable nature of medicine, fuzzy logic methods have been used as one of the best methods to decrease this ambiguity. Recently, several kinds of literature have been published related to fuzzy logic methods in a wide range of medical aspects in terms of diagnosis. However, in this context there are a few review articles that have been published which belong to almost ten years ago. Hence, we conducted a systematic review to determine the contribution of utilizing fuzzy logic methods in disease diagnosis in different medical practices.

METHODS:

Eight scientific databases are selected as an appropriate database and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) method was employed as the basis method for conducting this systematic and meta-analysis review. Regarding the main objective of this research, some inclusion and exclusion criteria were considered to limit our investigation. To achieve a structured meta-analysis, all eligible articles were classified based on authors, publication year, journals or conferences, applied fuzzy methods, main objectives of the research, problems and research gaps, tools utilized to model the fuzzy system, medical disciplines, sample sizes, the inputs and outputs of the system, findings, results and finally the impact of applied fuzzy methods to improve diagnosis. Then, we analyzed the results obtained from these classifications to indicate the effect of fuzzy methods in decreasing the complexity of diagnosis.

RESULTS:

Consequently, the result of this study approved the effectiveness of applying different fuzzy methods in diseases diagnosis process, presenting new insights for researchers about what kind of diseases which have been more focused. This will help to determine the diagnostic aspects of medical disciplines that are being neglected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall, this systematic review provides an appropriate platform for further research by identifying the research needs in the domain of disease diagnosis.

KEYWORDS:

Disease diagnosis; Fuzzy logic; Fuzzy methods; PRISMA; Uncertainty

PMID:
29852957
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmpb.2018.04.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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