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Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10940. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000010940.

Effects of transarterial chemoembolization combined with antiviral therapy on HBV reactivation and liver function in HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma patients with HBV-DNA negative.

Author information

1
Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou.
2
Department of Interventional Radiology, The Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate the reactivation of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) following transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with HBV-DNA negative and to evaluate the effects of TACE combined with antiviral therapy.

METHODS:

This prospective study involved 98 patients with HBV-related and HBV-DNA negative HCC (HBV DNA < 10 copies/mL) underwent TACE procedures with serial HBV DNA tests. Patients were divided into the antiviral treatment group and the no-antiviral group. The antiviral group received entecavir antiviral therapy, and the other group received no antiviral therapy. Two groups of patients were compared in rate of HBV reactivation and liver function before and after only 1 session of TACE in average 1-month follow-up after operation. P < .05 indicated differences with a statistical significance.

RESULTS:

HBV reactivation occurred in 11 patients in the nonantiviral group (11/47, 23.4%) but only 3 patients in the antiviral group (3/51, 5.9%, P < .05). On multivariate analysis, HBeAg-positive status, number of tumors more than 3, and absence of antiviral therapy were the independent risk predictor of HBV reactivation. Liver function indicators did not differ significantly between the antiviral group and the nonantiviral group in 5 days after TACE. However, the level of alanine aminotransferase and bilirubin were raised and albumin was reduced at the HBV reactivation group compared with no HBV reactivation group (P < .05). At 1 month after TACE, liver function indicators did not differ significantly between the HBV reactivation group and without HBV reactivation group.

CONCLUSION:

HCC patients with HBV DNA negative still remain associated with risk of HBV reactivation after TACE. HBeAg-positive, number of tumors more than 3, and absence of antiviral therapy in HCC patients after TACE have a higher risk of HBV reactivation. Antiviral therapy can reduce the risk of reactivation, helping improve liver function after TACE.

PMID:
29851833
PMCID:
PMC6392611
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000010940
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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