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J Phys Chem B. 2018 Jun 21;122(24):6351-6356. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b02960. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Using Equation-Free Computation to Accelerate Network-Free Stochastic Simulation of Chemical Kinetics.

Author information

1
Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies , Los Alamos National Laboratory , Los Alamos , New Mexico 87545 , United States.

Abstract

The chemical kinetics of many complex systems can be concisely represented by reaction rules, which can be used to generate reaction events via a kinetic Monte Carlo method that has been termed network-free simulation. Here, we demonstrate accelerated network-free simulation through a novel approach to equation-free computation. In this process, variables are introduced that approximately capture system state. Derivatives of these variables are estimated using short bursts of exact stochastic simulation and finite differencing. The variables are then projected forward in time via a numerical integration scheme, after which a new exact stochastic simulation is initialized and the whole process repeats. The projection step increases efficiency by bypassing the firing of numerous individual reaction events. As we show, the projected variables may be defined as populations of building blocks of chemical species. The maximal number of connected molecules included in these building blocks determines the degree of approximation. Equation-free acceleration of network-free simulation is found to be both accurate and efficient.

PMID:
29851484
PMCID:
PMC6050008
[Available on 2019-06-21]
DOI:
10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b02960
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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