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Biochemistry. 1985 Mar 12;24(6):1428-33.

Hierarchy of binding sites for chromosomal proteins HMG 1 and 2 in supercoiled deoxyribonucleic acid.


The interaction of chromosomal proteins HMG 1 and 2 with various DNA structures has been examined with plasmid pPst-0.9, which contains DNA sequences that can form the Z-DNA conformation and palindromic sequences that can form cruciform structures. Direct binding and competition experiments with 32P-labeled plasmid indicated that proteins HMG 1 and 2 preferentially bind to supercoiled form I DNA as compared to double-stranded linear DNA. The preferential binding to form I is due to the presence of single-stranded regions in this DNA. The binding of HMG 1 and 2 to the form I plasmid results in inhibition of S1 nuclease digestion in a selective manner. The B-Z junction is preferentially protected as compared to the cruciform, which in turn is more protected than other minor S1-sensitive structures present in pPst-0.9. Our results indicate that the binding of HMG 1 and 2 proteins to DNA is not random in that HMG 1 and 2 can distinguish between various S1 nuclease sensitive sites in the plasmid. The existence of a hierarchy of DNA binding sites for these proteins suggests that they can selectively affect the structure of distinct regions in the genome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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