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Shock. 2019 Apr;51(4):416-422. doi: 10.1097/SHK.0000000000001192.

Heart Rate Variability, Clinical and Laboratory Measures to Predict Future Deterioration in Patients Presenting With Sepsis.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
3
Division of Critical Care, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
4
Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
5
Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Risk stratification of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with sepsis can be challenging. We derived and evaluated performance of a predictive model containing clinical, laboratory, and heart rate variability (HRV) measures to quantify risk of deterioration in this population.

METHODS:

ED patients aged 21 and older satisfying the 1992 consensus conference criteria for sepsis and able to consent (directly or through a surrogate) were enrolled (n = 1,247). Patients had clinical, laboratory, and HRV data recorded within 1 h of ED presentation, and were followed to identify deterioration within 72 h.

RESULTS:

Eight hundred thirty-two patients had complete data, of whom 68 (8%) reached at least one endpoint. Optimal predictive performance was derived from a combination of laboratory values and HRV metrics with an area under the receiver-operating curve (AUROC) of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.65-0.92). This combination of variables was superior to clinical (AUROC = 0.69, 95% CI, 0.54-0.83), laboratory (AUROC = 0.77, 95% CI, 0.63-0.90), and HRV measures (AUROC = 0.76, 95% CI, 0.61-0.90) alone. The HRV+LAB model identified a high-risk cohort of patients (14% of all patients) with a 4.3-fold (95% CI, 3.2-5.4) increased risk of deterioration (incidence of deterioration: 35%), as well as a low-risk group (61% of all patients) with 0.2-fold (95% CI 0.1-0.4) risk of deterioration (incidence of deterioration: 2%).

CONCLUSIONS:

A model that combines HRV and laboratory values may help ED physicians evaluate risk of deterioration in patients with sepsis and merits validation and further evaluation.

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