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Lab Anim Sci. 1985 Feb;35(1):41-6.

Kinetics of ectromelia virus (mousepox) transmission and clinical response in C57BL/6j, BALB/cByj and AKR/J inbred mice.


Research was undertaken to answer basic questions on susceptibility, clinical response and transmission of ectromelia virus in selected strains of inbred mice. C57BL/6J and AKR/J were found to be markedly more resistant to a virulent strain of ectromelia virus (isolated during the 1979-80 outbreak at the National Institutes of Health) than C57LJ, BALB/cByJ, DBA/2J, A.By/SNJ and C3H/HeJ when infected by footpad inoculation. In C57BL/6J and AKR/J the LD50 was about 7 logs higher than the ID50. With one exception, C57LJ, the LD50 and ID50 titers in the other strains were about equal. In C57LJ the LD50 titer was intermediate. Following intragastric inoculation, virus was isolated from feces of C57BL/6J mice for as long as 46 days and up to 29 days from BALB/cByJ mice. Transmission to cage mates from intragastrically infected C57BL/6J and BALB/cByJ occurred up to 36 and 30 days respectively after infection. Virus was isolated from the spleen in 2 of 5 BALB/cByJ mice and 1 of 7 C57BL/6J mice tested 95 days after gastric inoculation. Following footpad inoculation, BALB/cByJ mice consistently transmitted virus to cage mates before death at 10-12 days. C57BL/6J mice transmitted between days 8 and 17, but not beyond. Virus was maintained in C57BL/6J mice by exposure to infected cage mates for seven passages, which was the most attempted. Clinical signs in infected C57BL/6J mice were usually subtle or inapparent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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