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J Med Chem. 1985 Mar;28(3):393-9.

Conformational analysis and active site modelling of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.


The discovery of captopril as a potent, orally active inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) led to the recent development of many series of novel structures with similar biological activity. To date, however, all of these inhibitors are flexible or semiflexible molecules, and there is therefore no clear definition of the conformational requirements for ACE inhibition. In an effort to solve this problem, we have carried out conformational energy calculations on a series of eight structurally diverse ACE inhibitors. Comparison of the low-energy conformations available to these molecules leads to the conclusion that there is a common low-energy conformation throughout the series. The calculations thus define the structural and conformational requirements for ACE inhibition. Expansion of this model to the receptor level has been achieved by considering possible alternative receptor sites for each of the molecules in its proposed biologically active conformation and leads to an active-site model for ACE which may be useful for the design of further inhibitors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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