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J Cell Physiol. 1985 Feb;122(2):229-39.

Neutrophil degranulation: evidence pertaining to its mediation by the combined effects of leukotriene B4, platelet-activating factor, and 5-HETE.


Stimulus-activated polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) produce leukotriene B4 (LTB4), 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoate (5-HETE), and platelet-activating factor (PAF). Each of these lipids promotes PMN degranulation; in combination they have additive and potentiating effects that result in prominent degranulation responses at relatively low concentrations. Thus, the combined interactions of LTB4, 5-HETE, and PAF may mediate responses in PMN activated by other stimuli. This possibility was examined by measuring the responses of PMN made insensitive to one or more of these lipids. Cells were pretreated with LTB4, 5-HETE, and/or PAF for 8 min; exposed for 2 min to cytochalasin B (which is required for lipid-induced degranulation); and then challenged. PMN challenged with only buffer released minimal amounts of granule-bound enzymes. Furthermore, the lipid-pretreated cells were hyporesponsive to challenge with 1) various combinations of these same lipids or 2) ionophore A23187. The relative potencies of the lipids in producing hyporesponsiveness to themselves or A23187 were: 5-HETE less than PAF less than or equal to LTB4 less than PAF + LTB4 less than PAF + LTB4 + 5-HETE. For both types of challenge, reduced responsiveness occurred in cells pretreated with greater than 0.1 nM LTB4 and/or greater than 0.2 nM PAF, persisted in cells washed after lipid pretreatment, and did not develop in cells pretreated with various combinations of bioinactive structural analogues of the lipids. Thus, PAF, LTB4, and 5-HETE interacted to desensitize PMN, and the degranulating actions of A23187 required cells that were fully responsive to each of the three lipids. This supports the concept that the lipids act together in mediating certain of the ionophore's effects. However, lipid-desensitized PMN degranulated fully when challenged with C5a, a formylated oligopeptide, or phorbol myristate acetate. Degranulation responses, therefore, may proceed through various pathways, only some of which involve the lipid products studied here.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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