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Biomedicine (Taipei). 2018 Jun;8(2):9. doi: 10.1051/bmdcn/2018080209. Epub 2018 May 28.

The incidence of kidney cancer in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Gastrointestinal & Liver Diseases Research Center (GLDRC), Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran - Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
4
Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incidence of kidney cancer from different areas of Iran was reported. Nevertheless, there is no available systematic reviews in this regard. Therefore, the present systematic review carried out to estimate the incidence rate of kidney cancer among Iranian people.

METHOD:

This systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) in September 2017. A search was concluded using Medline/ PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google scholar for international papers and four national databases (Scientific Information Database, MagIran, IranMedex, and IranDoc) for Persian papers. The incidence rate of kidney cancer was calculated using random effect model.

RESULT:

An aggregate of 159 papers were retrieved in the primary search of the databases. Further screening and advanced refinement of the retrieved studies produced 15 studies totally. The age-standardized rate (ASR) of kidney cancer was 1.94, 95% CI (1.62-2.55) and 1.36, 95 % CI (1.09-1.62) in males and females, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

In comparison to other parts of the world, the incidence of kidney cancer was lower in Iran. Afterwards, further studies are necessary to outline the exact incidence rate and the trend of kidney cancer in Iran.

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