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Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Mar 15;32(3):291-297. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.201710095.

[Construction of tissue engineered cartilage based on acellular cartilage extracellular matrix oriented scaffold and chondrocytes].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Hefei Anhui, 230001, P.R.China.
2
Department of Orthopedics, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210008, P.R.China;Orthopedics Research Institute, General Hospital of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100853, P.R.China.
3
Orthopedics Research Institute, General Hospital of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100853, P.R.China.
4
Orthopedics Research Institute, General Hospital of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100853, P.R.China.doctorguo_301@163.com.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective:

To observe the feasibility of acellular cartilage extracellular matrix (ACECM) oriented scaffold combined with chondrocytes to construct tissue engineered cartilage.

Methods:

Chondrocytes from the healthy articular cartilage tissue of pig were isolated, cultured, and passaged. The 3rd passage chondrocytes were labeled by PKH26. After MTT demonstrated that PKH26 had no influence on the biological activity of chondrocytes, labeled and unlabeled chondrocytes were seeded on ACECM oriented scaffold and cultivated. The adhesion, growth, and distribution were evaluated by gross observation, inverted microscope, and fluorescence microscope. Scanning electron microscope was used to observe the cellular morphology after cultivation for 3 days. Type Ⅱ collagen immunofluorescent staining was used to check the secretion of extracellular matrix. In addition, the complex of labeled chondrocytes and ACECM oriented scaffold (cell-scaffold complex) was transplanted into the subcutaneous tissue of nude mouse. After transplantation, general physical conditions of nude mouse were observed, and the growth of cell-scaffold complex was observed by molecular fluorescent living imaging system. After 4 weeks, the neotissue was harvested to analyze the properties of articular cartilage tissue by gross morphology and histological staining (Safranin O staining, toluidine blue staining, and typeⅡcollagen immunohistochemical staining).

Results:

After chondrocytes that were mainly polygon and cobblestone like shape were seeded and cultured on ACECM oriented scaffold for 7 days, the neotissue was translucency and tenacious and cells grew along the oriented scaffold well by inverted microscope and fluorescence microscope. In the subcutaneous microenvironment, the cell-scaffold complex was cartilage-like tissue and abundant cartilage extracellular matrix (typeⅡcollagen) was observed by histological staining and typeⅡcollagen immunohistochemical staining.

Conclusion:

ACECM oriented scaffold is benefit to the cell adhesion, proliferation, and oriented growth and successfully constructes the tissue engineered cartilage in nude mouse model, which demonstrates that the ACECM oriented scaffold is promise to be applied in cartilage tissue engineering.

KEYWORDS:

Cartilage tissue engineering; acellular cartilage extracellular matrix oriented scaffold; chondrocytes; scaffold material

PMID:
29806277
DOI:
10.7507/1002-1892.201710095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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