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Korean J Food Sci Anim Resour. 2018 Apr;38(2):209-223. doi: 10.5851/kosfa.2018.38.2.209. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Association between Egg Consumption and Metabolic Disease.

Author information

1
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of BioNano Technology, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea.
2
Institute for Clinical Nutrition, Inje University, Seoul 04551, Korea.
3
Chaum Life Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seoul 06062, Korea.
4
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Medford 02155, USA.

Abstract

The effect of high egg intake on metabolic syndrome (MetS), a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), has not been clearly elucidated. This study was conducted to review the literature related to egg consumption and the risk of metabolic disease as well as to examine the association between high egg intake and MetS in Korean adults. A literature review was conducted using published papers in PubMed and EMBASE through December 2017. We have reviewed 26 articles, which were associated with egg consumption and metabolic diseases, and found that the results were controversial. Therefore, we analyzed data from 23,993 Korean adults aged 19 yrs and older. MetS was defined based on criteria from the Adult Treatment Panel III. Egg consumption of 4-6 times/wk and 1 time/day were significantly associated with reduced prevalence of MetS (Odds ratio (OR)=0.82; 95% Confidence interval (CI)=0.71-0.95 for 4-6 times/wk, OR=0.83; 95% CI=0.69-0.99 for 1 time/day) compared to those who consumed eggs less than once monthly. However, consuming two or more eggs per day was not associated with MetS. As for the components of MetS, an egg intake of once daily decreased the prevalence of abdominal obesity and an intake of 2-7 eggs weekly was shown to prevent a reduction in the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. This study suggests that while consuming eggs 4-7 times weekly is associated with a lower prevalence of MetS, consuming two or more eggs daily is not associated with a reduced risk for MetS.

KEYWORDS:

Korean; egg consumption; metabolic syndrome

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