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Deviant Behav. 2018;39(5):554-575. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2016.1269559. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Gender and Country Differences in Alcohol-Aggression Expectancy and Alcohol-Related Intimate Partner Violence.

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Department of Criminology, Anthropology, and Sociology, Cleveland State University.
Department of Mathematics, Cleveland State University.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota.
Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute. Emeryville, CA.


Alcohol use is associated with a higher rate of violent offending among males and a higher rate of violent victimization among females, especially for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Using comparable self-reported data from the GENACIS Project, the present study examines between the United States (n=2,363) and Japan (n=1,660) whether the expected gender difference in alcohol-related IPV is explained by alcohol-aggression expectancy. The results indicate that though males are more likely than females to expect that alcohol would make them more aggressive, alcohol-aggression expectancy has a very little to do with the gender difference in alcohol-related IPV. In both countries, overall, alcohol use of males, irrespective of their alcohol-aggression expectancy, most strongly and directly accounted for the gender difference in alcohol-related IPV.


Alcohol and IPV; alcohol-aggression expectancy; cross-national study; gender and alcohol

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