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Fungal Biol. 2018 Jun;122(6):420-429. doi: 10.1016/j.funbio.2017.07.003. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Lipid biology in fungal stress and virulence: Entomopathogenic fungi.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Electronic address: keyhani@ufl.edu.

Abstract

Broad host range insect pathogenic fungi penetrate through the host cuticle, necessitating an ability to confront and overcome surface lipids and other molecules that often include antimicrobial compounds. In this context, induction of lipid assimilatory pathways by exogenous substrates is crucial for successful infection to occur, and lipid growth substrates can have significant effects on the virulence of fungal infectious propagules, e.g. conidia. The production of lipases is a critical part of the cuticle-degrading repertoire and pathways involved in triglyceride metabolism and phospholipid homeostasis have been shown to contribute to host invasion. Mobilization of endogenous lipid stores via the activities of the caleosin and perilipin lipid storage-turnover proteins, have been linked to diverse processes including formation of penetration structures, e.g. germ tubes and appressoria, spore properties and dispersal, and the ability to respond to lipid growth substrates and virulence. Here, we summarize recent advances in our understanding of lipid assimilation and mobilization pathways in the ability of entomogenous fungi to infect and use host substrates. Host surface and internal lipids can alternatively act as antifungal barriers, inducers of pathogenesis-related pathways, and/or as fungal growth substrates. Lipids and lipid assimilation can be considered as forming a co-evolutionary web between the insect host and entomogenous fungi.

KEYWORDS:

Beauveria; Caleosin; Insect epicuticle; Lipase; Metarhizium; Perilipin

PMID:
29801785
DOI:
10.1016/j.funbio.2017.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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