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Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Jan 1;20(1):101-107. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jey072.

Left ventricular remodelling in long-term survivors after the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries.

Author information

1
The Labatt Family Heart Center, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Aims:

The objective of this study was to quantify imaging markers of myocardial fibrosis and assess myocardial function in long-term transposition of the great arteries survivors after the arterial switch operation (ASO).

Methods and results:

Paediatric ASO patients were prospectively studied by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, including first-pass myocardial perfusion, late gadolinium enhancement, and T1 relaxometry, as well as echocardiography for left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function including strain analysis, with comparison to healthy controls. Thirty ASO patients (mean age 15.4 ± 2.9 years vs. 14.1 ± 2.6 years in 28 controls, P = 0.04) were included. Patients had normal LV ejection fraction (EF) (57 ± 5% vs. 59 ± 5%, P = 0.07), but end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were increased (104 ± 20 mL/m2 vs. 89 ± 10 mL/m2, P < 0.01 and 46 ± 13 mL/m2 vs. 36 ± 7 mL/m2, P < 0.01, respectively). Longitudinal strain at two-, three-, and four-chamber levels of the LV were lower in ASO patients (-19.0 ± 2.6% vs. -20.9 ± 2.3%, P = 0.006, -17.7 ± 2.0% vs. -19.1 ± 2.4%, P = 0.02, and -18.9 ± 1.9% vs. -20.1 ± 1.7%, P = 0.01, respectively), while circumferential strain was higher at all short-axis levels (-24.6 ± 2.3% vs. -19.3 ± 1.6%, P < 0.001 at the mid-ventricular level). LV native T1 times were higher in ASO patients (1042 ± 27 ms vs. 1011 ± 27 ms, P < 0.01) and correlated with LV mass/volume ratio (R = 0.60, P < 0.001). Myocardial scarring or myocardial perfusion defects were not observed in our cohort.

Conclusion:

Children and adolescents after ASO have normal LV systolic function, in line with their overall good clinical health. At a myocardial level however, imaging markers of diffuse myocardial fibrosis are elevated, along with an altered LV contraction pattern. Whether these abnormalities will progress into future clinically significant dysfunction and whether they are harbingers of adverse outcomes remains to be studied.

PMID:
29800129
DOI:
10.1093/ehjci/jey072
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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