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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017;55(Suppl 4):S419-S424.

Clinical features of Guillain-Barré Syndrome in a tertiary-level hospital in Mexico

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Enfermedades Neurológicas, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México neurojgc@gmail.com

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background:

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is an acute polyneuropathy characterized by symmetrical weakness of the limbs with hyporeflexia or areflexia with a maximum progression within four weeks and can impair respiratory function and implies disability at a long. The aim of this paper was to describe the clinical, epidemiological and neurophysiological features of patients with GBS at the Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Medico Nacional Siglo XXI (HECMNSXXI)

Methods:

An observational, retrospective cross-sectional study, data were collected form clinical records of adults with GBS hospitalized in HECMNSXXI from March 2012 to March 2016. The recorded variables were demographics, previous infection, clinical presentation, disability scores, prognosis scores and neurophysiological subtypes.

Results:

Clinical records of 94 patients were analysed with a mean age of 53 years, 61% male, with previous infection in 80%. Albumin cytologic dissociation was present in 50%. Medical Research Council (MRC) sum scores mean was 32, the SGB disability score at admittance with a mean of 3.63. The axonal subtype was in 68%, and demyelinating in 29%, not conclusive in 3%.

Conclusions:

In this study the demographic and clinical features are similar to other previous reports, we documented a greater proportion of axonal subtype, which are related with important disability and worse prognosis.

KEYWORDS:

Guillain-Barré Syndrome; Polyradiculoneuropathy; Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System

PMID:
29799712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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