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Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2018 May 25:1-4. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2018.1476694. [Epub ahead of print]

Poison control center experience with tianeptine: an unregulated pharmaceutical product with potential for abuse.

Author information

1
a Department of Emergency Medicine , Upstate Medical University, Upstate NY Poison Center , Syracuse , NY , USA.
2
b Division of Medical Toxicology, Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , USA.
3
c New York City Poison Control Center , New York , NY , USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Interest in tianeptine as a potential drug of abuse is increasing in the United States. We performed a retrospective study of calls to the New York State Poison Control Centers (PCCs) designed to characterize one state's experience with tianeptine.

METHODS:

Data were gathered from existing records utilizing the poison center data collection system, Toxicall® entered between 1 January 2000 through 1 April 2017. Information regarding patient demographics, reported dose and formulation of tianeptine, reported coingestants, brief narrative description of the case, disposition, and case outcome was collected.

RESULTS:

There were nine reported cases of tianeptine exposure. Seven were male with a mean age of 27. Three reported therapeutic use of tianeptine and five reported intentional abuse. One case was an unintentional pediatric exposure. Doses were reported in three cases; 12.5 mg in a pediatric unintentional exposure, and 5 and 10 g daily in the two reports of intentional abuse. Of note, five patients complained of symptoms consistent with opioid withdrawal. In one of two cases in which naloxone was administered, an improvement in mental status and the respiratory drive was noted. Outcomes reported in Toxicall® were minor in two cases, moderate in five cases, major in one case, and not reported in one case.

CONCLUSIONS:

These cases, reported to the New York State PCCs should alert readers to the potential for tianeptine abuse, dependence, and withdrawal.

KEYWORDS:

Tianeptine; addiction; opioids; withdrawal

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