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J Vet Med Sci. 2018 Jul 12;80(7):1047-1053. doi: 10.1292/jvms.18-0085. Epub 2018 May 22.

Tea polyphenols suppress growth and virulence-related factors of Haemophilus parasuis.

Author information

1
Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Animal Nutrition and Feed Safety, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, PR China.
2
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Science and Technology, Wuhan 430208, China.

Abstract

The bacterium Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) is the primary cause of Glässer's disease. Currently, there are no effective vaccines that can confer protection against all H. parasuis serovars. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of tea polyphenols on growth, expression of virulence-related factors, and biofilm formation of H. parasuis, as well as to evaluate their protective effects against H. parasuis challenge. Our findings demonstrated that tea polyphenols can inhibit H. parasuis growth in a dose-dependent manner and attenuate the biofilm formation of H. parasuis. In addition, tea polyphenols exerted inhibitory effects on the expression of H. parasuis virulence-related factors. Moreover, tea polyphenols could confer protection against a lethal dose of H. parasuis and can reduce pathological tissue damage induced by H. parasuis. In summary, our findings demonstrated the promising use of tea polyphenols as a novel treatment for H. parasuis infection in pigs.

KEYWORDS:

Haemophilus parasuis; biofilm; protection; tea polyphenols; virulence-related factor

PMID:
29798967
PMCID:
PMC6068306
DOI:
10.1292/jvms.18-0085
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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