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Chem Res Toxicol. 1988 Jan-Feb;1(1):53-9.

Identification of adducts formed by reaction of guanine nucleosides with malondialdehyde and structurally related aldehydes.

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Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202.


Malondialdehyde and a series of acrolein derivatives substituted in the beta-position with good leaving groups react with guanine and guanine nucleosides to form two different types of adducts. The reaction with guanosine is typical. One adduct exhibits ultraviolet absorbance maxima at 253, 319, and 348 nm and is fluorescent. Its NMR spectrum exhibits three new aromatic proton resonances derived from malondialdehyde. The mass spectrum exhibits an M + 1 at 320. The spectroscopic properties are consistent with the structure, 3-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl-pyrimido[1,2-alpha]purin-10(3H)-one (PyP-ribose). The second guanosine adduct is an equal mixture of diastereomers that exhibit ultraviolet maxima at 217 and 244 nm and mirror image circular dichroism spectra. The NMR spectrum and mass spectrum (M + 1 = 392) indicate the addition of two molecules of MDA to one molecule of guanosine. Two-dimensional NMR (COSY) analysis reveals the presence of propano and enal functionalities. The spectroscopic and chemical properties suggest an oxadiazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonene structure that is confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Comparison of the deoxyguanosine adducts of malondialdehyde to those of the structurally related carbonyl compounds, methyl glyoxal and acrolein, provides a structural basis to explain the unique ability of malondialdehyde to induce frameshift mutations in bacterial mutagenesis systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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