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Med Vet Entomol. 1987 Jan;1(1):53-7.

Effect of host behaviour on host preference in Stomoxys calcitrans.

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1
Department of Zoology and Comparative Physiology, University of Birmingham.

Abstract

Field observations suggest that, in the U.K., cattle are the preferred host of Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), followed by horses. Differences were observed in the numbers of flies feeding on individual animals both in the field and under controlled conditions. Analysis of the behaviour of four Friesian calves under attack from S. calcitrans in controlled conditions revealed that the differences in the levels of attack between individual hosts are dependent on the reactions of the host when under attack. Those hosts which respond vigorously by tail flicks, foot stamps and head-swings suffer less from attack by S. calcitrans than their more placid contemporaries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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