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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018 Jun;141(6):1395-1407. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000004386.

Supportive Use of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Cell-Assisted Lipotransfer for Localized Scleroderma.

Author information

1
Beijing, People's Republic of China From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The authors aimed to analyze factors related to lipotransfer for localized scleroderma, and to explore the feasibility of cell-assisted lipotransfer for localized scleroderma treatment.

METHODS:

Abdominal fat samples were taken from six scleroderma patients without corticosteroid therapy, five scleroderma patients with corticosteroid therapy, and 10 normal liposuction patients. Their quantity, morphology, and proliferation ability were measured. Blood flow was measured by laser speckle contrast imaging in localized scleroderma lesions and normal contralateral regions for eight localized scleroderma patients. Bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis nude mice were also used to investigate differences between lipotransfer and cell-assisted lipotransfer. Fat weight was measured, and expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and type III collagen in the injected skin was determined by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

The number of stem cells from scleroderma patients with corticosteroid treatment was significantly reduced. Mean blood perfusion in localized scleroderma lesions was not significantly different than in the contralateral normal regions. In normal nude mice, there were no significant changes in TGF-β1 and type III collagen between the control, lipotransfer, and cell-assisted lipotransfer groups, whereas in bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis nude mice, lipotransfer and cell-assisted lipotransfer reduced TGF-β1 and type III collagen expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

For scleroderma patients, fewer adipose-derived stem cells, because of a history of corticosteroid therapy and a local inflammatory microenvironment, are more important factors, whereas blood supply showed no significant change. Therefore, cell-assisted lipotransfer not only improves the survival rate of transplanted fat but also improves skin texture in bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis nude mice.

PMID:
29794702
DOI:
10.1097/PRS.0000000000004386
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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