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Chin J Traumatol. 2018 Jun;21(3):170-175. doi: 10.1016/j.cjtee.2017.12.004. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Middle-term follow-up results of Pipkin type IV femoral head fracture patients treated by reconstruction plate and bioabsorbable screws.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, China. Electronic address: liuinsistence@163.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the mid-term curative effects of the treatment of Pipkin type IV femoral head fractures using a reconstruction plate and bioabsorbable screws and provide the evidence for clinical practice.

METHODS:

From February 2010 to September 2014, 21 patients with Pipkin type IV femoral head fractures were treated surgically. There were 13 males and 8 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 20-65 years). The causes of the fractures included traffic accidents (13 cases), falls from a height (four cases), heavy lifting injuries (three cases), and sport injury (one case). All patients were followed up with radiography and three-dimensional reconstruction computed tomography and other checks and any complications were actively managed. Closed reduction of fracture-dislocation of the hip was attempted under general anesthesia using the Kocher-Langenbeck approach. Femoral head fractures were treated with internal fixation or excision based on the size of the fracture fragments, whereas acetabular fractures were fixed with a reconstruction plate and screws following anatomic reduction.

RESULTS:

The incisions healed by primary intention in all patients after surgery, without any infection, deep venous thrombosis, or other complications. All 21 patients were followed up for 36-76 months, with an average follow-up duration of 49 months. Postoperative imaging data showed that all dislocations and fractures were anatomically reduced, and bony union of the fractures was achieved. Heterotopic ossification was found in four patients, post-traumatic osteoarthritis in three, and avascular necrosis of the femoral head in two. At the final follow-up, the assessment of hip joint function according to the Thompson-Epstein scoring scale was excellent in 10 cases, good in six cases, fair in three cases, and poor in two cases. The rate of excellent and good functional outcomes was 76.1%.

CONCLUSION:

The mid-term curative effects of a reconstruction plate and bioabsorbable screws in the treatment of Pipkin type IV femoral head fractures is significant, and such the treatment can significantly improve the patient's joint function and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Acetabular fractures; Femoral head fractures; Fracture fixation, internal; Pipkin classification

PMID:
29793730
PMCID:
PMC6033733
DOI:
10.1016/j.cjtee.2017.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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