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Biomed Eng Online. 2018 May 24;17(1):64. doi: 10.1186/s12938-018-0500-x.

Augmented reality-based electrode guidance system for reliable electroencephalography.

Author information

1
Department of Robotics Engineering, DGIST, Techno jungang-daero, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Robotics Engineering, DGIST, Techno jungang-daero, Daegu, Republic of Korea. jhong@dgist.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In longitudinal electroencephalography (EEG) studies, repeatable electrode positioning is essential for reliable EEG assessment. Conventional methods use anatomical landmarks as fiducial locations for the electrode placement. Since the landmarks are manually identified, the EEG assessment is inevitably unreliable because of individual variations among the subjects and the examiners. To overcome this unreliability, an augmented reality (AR) visualization-based electrode guidance system was proposed.

METHODS:

The proposed electrode guidance system is based on AR visualization to replace the manual electrode positioning. After scanning and registration of the facial surface of a subject by an RGB-D camera, the AR of the initial electrode positions as reference positions is overlapped with the current electrode positions in real time. Thus, it can guide the position of the subsequently placed electrodes with high repeatability.

RESULTS:

The experimental results with the phantom show that the repeatability of the electrode positioning was improved compared to that of the conventional 10-20 positioning system.

CONCLUSION:

The proposed AR guidance system improves the electrode positioning performance with a cost-effective system, which uses only RGB-D camera. This system can be used as an alternative to the international 10-20 system.

KEYWORDS:

Augmented reality; Electrode positioning international 10–20 system; Electroencephalography; Surface registration

PMID:
29793498
PMCID:
PMC5968572
DOI:
10.1186/s12938-018-0500-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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