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Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2018 Aug;64(5):427-435. doi: 10.1177/0020764018776349. Epub 2018 May 23.

The effect of loneliness on depression: A meta-analysis.

Author information

1
1 Department of Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Artvin Coruh University, Artvin, Turkey.
2
2 Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Education, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Negative emotions, which have a common, chronic and recurrent structure, play a vital role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology. In this study, loneliness as a negative emotion was considered to be a predisposing factor in depression.

AIM:

The aim of this meta-analysis is to determine the effect of loneliness on depression.

METHOD:

Initially, a literature scan was performed and all related literature was pooled together ( n = 531). Based on scales determined by the researchers, it was decided to include 88 studies in the analysis. This study obtained a sampling group of 40,068 individuals.

RESULTS:

The results of using a random effects model for analysis showed that loneliness had a moderately significant effect on depression. None of the variables of study sampling group, type of publication and publication year were found to be moderator variables.

CONCLUSION:

According to the results of the research, loneliness may be said to be a significant variable affecting depression. The findings obtained are discussed in light of the literature.

KEYWORDS:

Loneliness; depression; meta-analysis

PMID:
29792097
DOI:
10.1177/0020764018776349
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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