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Acad Emerg Med. 2018 May 23. doi: 10.1111/acem.13456. [Epub ahead of print]

Global Emergency Medicine: A review of the literature from 2017.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
2
Lao Friends Hospital for Children, Luang Prabang, Lao PDR.
3
Department of Pediatrics and Institute for Public Health, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.
4
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi.
5
Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.
7
Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.
8
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Cambridge, MA.
9
Medical Corps, US Navy.
10
Navy Trauma Training Center, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.
11
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, MA.
12
Emergency Medicine Directorate, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
13
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
14
Department of Emergency Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.
15
Brown University, Providence, RI.
16
Department of Emergency Medicine, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.
17
Humanitarian Innovation Initiative (HIĀ²), Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Providence, RI.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners.

METHODS:

This year, 17,722 articles written in three languages were identified by our electronic search. These articles were distributed among 20 reviewers for initial screening based on their relevance to the field of global EM. Another two reviewers searched the gray literature, yielding an additional 11 articles. All articles that were deemed appropriate by at least one reviewer and approved by their editor underwent formal scoring of overall quality and importance. Two independent reviewers scored all articles.

RESULTS:

A total of 848 articles met our inclusion criteria and underwent full review. 63% were categorized as emergency care in resource-limited settings, 23% as disaster and humanitarian response, and 14% as emergency medicine development. 21 articles received scores of 18.5 or higher out of a maximum score 20 and were selected for formal summary and critique. Inter-rater reliability testing between reviewers revealed a Cohen's Kappa of 0.344.

CONCLUSIONS:

In 2017, the total number of articles identified by our search continued to increase. Studies and reviews with a focus on infectious diseases, pediatrics, and trauma represented the majority of top-scoring articles. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:
29791967
DOI:
10.1111/acem.13456

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