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Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Jun;62(3):285-295. doi: 10.20945/2359-3997000000040. Epub 2018 May 17.

Waist circumference is an effect modifier of the association between bone mineral density and glucose metabolism.

Author information

1
Observatório de Epidemiologia Nutricional, Departamento de Nutrição Social e Aplicada, Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
2
Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
3
Departamento de Puericultura e Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.
4
Departamento de Saúde Pública, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA), São Luís, MA, Brasil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The role of bone markers on insulin resistance (IR) remains controversial. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and glucose metabolism and investigate if visceral hyperadiposity, evaluated by waist circumference (WC), is an effect modifier of this association.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Cross-sectional analysis with 468 young adults from the fourth follow-up of the 1978/79 Ribeirão Preto prospective birth cohort, Brazil. BMD, total osteocalcin (OC), fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were assessed. IR, sensitivity (S) and secretion (β) were estimated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) indexes. Multiple linear regression models were constructed to estimate the association between BMD and glucose metabolism. Beta coefficient, R2 and p-values were provided. WC was tested as an effect modifier and OC as a confounder. The covariates were selected based on Direct Acyclic Graph.

RESULTS:

Significant interaction between BMD (femoral neck and proximal femur areas) and WC on glucose metabolism was observed in the adjusted models. Subjects with increased WC presented a positive association between BMD and log HOMA1-IR while an inverse association was found in those with normal WC (femoral neck R2 = 0.17, p = 0.036; proximal femur R2 = 0.16, p = 0.086). BMD was negatively associated with log HOMA2-S in individuals with increased WC and positively in those with normal WC (femoral neck R2 = 0.16, p = 0.042; proximal femur R2 = 0.15, p = 0.097). No significant associations between BMD, log HOMA2-β and OC and glucose metabolism markers were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

BMD was associated with glucose metabolism, independently of OC, and WC modifies this association.

PMID:
29791653
DOI:
10.20945/2359-3997000000040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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