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ACS Nano. 2018 Jun 26;12(6):6006-6012. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.8b02244. Epub 2018 May 25.

Three-Dimensional Printed Poly(vinyl alcohol) Substrate with Controlled On-Demand Degradation for Transient Electronics.

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School of Electrical Engineering , Kookmin University , Seoul 02707 , Korea.
Mechatronics R&D Center , Samsung Electronics , Gyeonggi-do 18448 , Korea.
Department of Nano-process , National Nanofab Center (NNFC) , Daejeon 34141 , Korea.
Department of Electrical Engineering , Sejong University , Seoul 05006 , Korea.


Electronics that degrade after stable operation for a desired operating time, called transient electronics, are of great interest in many fields, including biomedical implants, secure memory devices, and environmental sensors. Thus, the development of transient materials is critical for the advancement of transient electronics and their applications. However, previous reports have mostly relied on achieving transience in aqueous solutions, where the transience time is largely predetermined based on the materials initially selected at the beginning of the fabrication. Therefore, accurate control of the transience time is difficult, thereby limiting their application. In this work, we demonstrate transient electronics based on a water-soluble poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) substrate on which carbon nanotube (CNT)-based field-effect transistors were fabricated. We regulated the structural parameters of the PVA substrate using a three-dimensional (3D) printer to accurately control and program the transience time of the PVA substrate in water. The 3D printing technology can produce complex objects directly, thus enabling the efficient fabrication of a transient substrate with a prescribed and controlled transience time. In addition, the 3D printer was used to develop a facile method for the selective and partial destruction of electronics.


carbon nanotubes; network; poly(vinyl alcohol); three-dimensional printer; transient electronics; transistor


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