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Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2018 Aug;20(4):592-597. doi: 10.1111/cid.12625. Epub 2018 May 22.

Effect of implant therapy on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-49), health status (SF-36), and satisfaction of patients with several agenetic teeth: Prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen, PO Box 30.001, Groningen, 9700 RB, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Biomaterials, Center for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen, PO Box 30.001, Groningen, 9700 RB, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Prosthodontics and Special Care, University Medical Center Utrecht and Utrecht University, PO Box 85090, Utrecht, 3854 EA, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Effect of fixed prosthodontics on patients with several agenetic teeth is not well understood.

PURPOSE:

To assess the effect of implant-based fixed prosthodontics on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), general health status, and satisfaction regarding dental appearance, ability to chew and speech in patients with several agenetic teeth.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

For this prospective cohort study, all patients (≥18 years) with several agenetic teeth who were scheduled for treatment with fixed dental implants between September 2013 and July 2015 at our department were approached. Participants received a set of questionnaires before and 1 year after implant placement to assess OHRQoL (OHIP-NL49), general health status (SF-36), and satisfaction regarding dental appearance, ability to chew and speech.

RESULTS:

About 25 out of 31 eligible patients (10 male, 15 female; median age: 20 [19;23] years; agenetic teeth: 7 [5;10]) were willing to participate. Pre- and post-treatment OHIP-NL49 sum-scores were 38 [28;56] and 17 [7;29], respectively (P < .001). Scores of all OHIP-NL49 subdomains decreased tool, representing an improved OHRQoL (P < .05) as well as that satisfaction regarding dental appearance, ability to chew and speech increased (P < .001). General health status did not change with implant treatment (P > .05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Treatment with implant-based fixed prosthodontics improves OHRQoL and satisfaction with dental appearance, ability to chew and speech, while not affecting general health status.

KEYWORDS:

dental implants; fixed prosthodontics; hypodontia; oral health-related quality of life; patient satisfaction

PMID:
29787641
PMCID:
PMC6099259
DOI:
10.1111/cid.12625
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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