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Wiad Lek. 2018;71(3 pt 2):719-722.

Management of the patients with blunt renal trauma: 20 years of clinical experience.

Author information

1
Higher State Educational Establisment Of Ukraine "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Introduction: Blunt renal trauma (BRT) is a dangerous medical condition. The aim: Analysis of effectiveness of conservative and expectant treatment tactics under ultrasound and CT monitoring in patients with blunt renal trauma (BRT).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Materials and methods: The results of treatment of 81 patients with BRT during 20 years (1998-2017) were analyzed. Amount of men was 58 (71.6%), women - 23 (28.4%). Grade I trauma was seen in 37.0% of cases, grade II - in 25.9%, grade III - in 11.1%, grade IV - in 16.1% and grade V - in 9.9% of observations.

RESULTS:

Review: Conservative tactics was effective in 67.9% of observations. In 11.1% of cases treatment was accompanied with percutaneous drainage of liquid perirenal hematoma and urohematomas (in 2 cases with formation of perirenal abscess). Indications for surgical treatment (in 21.0% of observations) were progressing perirenal hematoma, unstable hemodynamics, inefficiency of hemorrhage stop with conservative treatment. In 9 cases, the kidney was sutured. Eight patients with multiple ruptures of the kidney, damage of the kidney vessels, massive bleeding underwent nephrectomy.

CONCLUSION:

Conclusions: Achievements in visualization and therapeutic technologies can avoid and, at severe trauma, reduce the surgical treatment rates in BRT. In the presence of urohematomas with the formation of perinephral abscess and development of sepsis, the method of choice is percutaneous drainage. Indications for surgical treatment are multiple parenchymal lacerations with damage of the segmental vessels and vessels of the renal hilum when the hemorrhage stop is ineffective by conservative or noninvasive methods.

KEYWORDS:

conservative ; expectant tactics ; renal trauma

PMID:
29783255
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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