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Adv Mater. 2018 Jul;30(28):e1801501. doi: 10.1002/adma.201801501. Epub 2018 May 21.

Unique Energy Alignments of a Ternary Material System toward High-Performance Organic Photovoltaics.

Author information

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Key Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry and Physics of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. China.
3
Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.
4
California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
5
Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.

Abstract

Incorporating narrow-bandgap near-infrared absorbers as the third component in a donor/acceptor binary blend is a new strategy to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of organic photovoltaics (OPV). However, there are two main restrictions: potential charge recombination in the narrow-gap material and miscompatibility between each component. The optimized design is to employ a third component (structurally similar to the donor or acceptor) with a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level similar to the acceptor and a highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level similar to the donor. In this design, enhanced absorption of the active layer and enhanced charge transfer can be realized without breaking the optimized morphology of the active layer. Herein, in order to realize this design, two new narrow-bandgap nonfullerene acceptors with suitable energy levels and chemical structures are designed, synthesized, and employed as the third component in the donor/acceptor binary blend, which boosts the PCE of OPV to 11.6%.

KEYWORDS:

energy level alignments; fullerene-free; nonfullerene; organic solar cells; ternary blends

PMID:
29782685
DOI:
10.1002/adma.201801501

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