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PRiMER. 2018 May;2. pii: 11. doi: 10.22454/PRiMER.2018.710280.

Patient-Centered Medical Home Status and Preparedness to Assess Resident Milestones: A CERA Study.

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Department of Family Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA.
Institute of Public & Preventive Health and College of Dental Medicine at Augusta University, Augusta, GA.
Institute of Public & Preventive Health and Department of Family Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA.
Department of Family and Community Medicine, and Department of Graduate Medical Education, Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA.



The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model has been proposed as the ideal model for delivering primary care and is focused on improving patient safety and quality, reducing costs, and enhancing patient satisfaction. The mandated Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education educational milestones for evaluation of resident competency represent the skills graduates will utilize after graduation. Many of these skills are reflected in the PCMH model. We sought to determine if residency programs whose main family medicine (FM) practice sites have achieved PCMH recognition are therefore more prepared to evaluate milestones.


A national Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine program directors (PDs) was conducted during June and July 2015 to determine if PCMH recognition influences PDs' ability to evaluate training methods and their level of preparedness to evaluate milestones.


The response rate for the survey was 53.3% (252/473). Nearly two-thirds of the PDs (62.7%) reported that their main FM practice site had earned PCMH recognition. There was no statistical difference between non-PCMH-recognized vs PCMH-recognized programs in how PDs perceived that their program was prepared to assess residents' milestone levels overall (P=0.414). Residents of PCMH-recognized programs were more likely to receive training for team-based care (P=0.009), system improvement plans (P<0.001), root-cause analysis (P=0.002), and health behavior change (P=0.003).


PCMH recognition itself did not improve preparedness of FM residency programs to assess milestones. Residents from programs whose main FM practice site is PCMH-recognized are more likely to be trained in the key concepts and tasks associated with the PCMH model, tools that they are expected to utilize extensively after graduation.

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