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Personal Ment Health. 2018 Aug;12(3):265-278. doi: 10.1002/pmh.1420. Epub 2018 May 20.

Relationship between effortful control and facets of mindfulness in meditators, non-meditators and individuals with borderline personality disorder.

Author information

1
University Research Institute on Health Sciences IUNICS - IdiSPA, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma (Mallorca), Spain.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Santa Creu i Sant Pau Hospital, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain.
4
Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, United States of America.
5
Department of Personality, Assessment, and Psychological Treatments, University of Valencia, València, Spain.
6
CIBERObn Ciber physiopathology of obesity and nutrition, Madrid, Spain.
7
Aragon Institution of Health Science (I+CS), Zaragoza, Spain.
8
Primary Care Prevention and Health Promotion Research Network ( RedIAPP), Madrid, Spain.
9
Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
10
Department of Psychiatry, Miguel Servet Hospital, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Abstract

As dimensions of effortful control (EC), activation control, attentional control, and inhibitory control could mediate the relationship between mindfulness meditation practice and the facets of mindfulness (i.e., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging and non-reacting to inner experience). In this study, we tested whether participant status: meditators (n = 330), healthy non-meditators (n = 254) and individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis (n = 46) predicted the facets of mindfulness and if these potential effects were mediated through the three effortful control (EC) dimensions (activation, attentional and inhibitory control). Meditators scored higher than non-meditators on attentional and inhibitory control and on the facets of mindfulness with attentional and inhibitory control partially mediating this relationship between meditation status and mindfulness facets. Participants with BPD showed lower scores on EC along with lower scores on the facets of mindfulness compared with healthy non-meditators. All three aspects of EC partially mediated the relationship between BPD and mindfulness facets.

PMID:
29781245
DOI:
10.1002/pmh.1420

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