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J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2018 Oct;11(5):393-402. doi: 10.1007/s12265-018-9810-4. Epub 2018 May 17.

Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Heart Failure: an Authentic Expectation for Potential Future Use and a Lack of Universal Definition.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore.
2
Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre Singapore, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Rd, NUHS Tower Block, Level 9, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.
3
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
4
Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre Singapore, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Rd, NUHS Tower Block, Level 9, Singapore, 119228, Singapore. kian_keong_poh@nuhs.edu.sg.
5
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. kian_keong_poh@nuhs.edu.sg.

Abstract

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a prevalent disease (especially among the elderly) with high mortality and morbidity rates. The pathological hallmark of CHF is a loss of cardiomyocytes leading to cardiac fibrosis and dysfunctional cardiac remodeling, which culminates in organ failure. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are bone marrow-derived cells that contribute to maintenance of the integrity of endothelial wall and protect ischemic myocardium through forming new blood vessels (vasculogenesis) or proliferation of pre-existing vasculature (angiogenesis). Despite its potential, little is known about EPCs and their function in CHF. Here, we define EPC and its role in health and CHF, highlighting their contributions as a cornerstone in the maintenance of a healthy endothelium. Thereafter, we explore the behavior and relevance of EPCs in the pathophysiology of CHF, their prognostic importance, and possible utilization of EPCs as therapy for CHF. Lastly, the restrictions surrounding the use of EPCs in clinical practice will be discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Congestive heart failure; Endothelial dysfunction; Endothelial progenitor cells

PMID:
29777508
DOI:
10.1007/s12265-018-9810-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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