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J Invasive Cardiol. 2018 Jul;30(7):245-250. Epub 2018 May 15.

Occurrence of Incomplete Endothelialization Causing Residual Permeability After Left Atrial Appendage Closure.

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Service de Cardiologie CHU Caremeau, 1, pl. R. Debré, 30900 Nimes, France.



Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion is occasionally incomplete, with residual permeability of the LAA on cardiac computed tomography. The cause for this is unclear. Our objective was to determine if residual permeability was related to incomplete endothelialization.


A total of 35 consecutive patients contraindicated for anticoagulant therapy admitted for LAA occlusion were included; 12 patients received a Watchman device (Boston Scientific) and 23 patients received an Amplatzer Cardiac Plug (St. Jude Medical). Incomplete endothelialization was defined as residual permeability on cardiac computed tomography without peridevice leak on transesophageal echocardiography at follow-up.


Five patients did not receive cardiac computed tomography. After 10 ± 6 months of follow-up, residual permeability of the LAA (at least partial) was recorded on cardiac computed tomography in 21 of 30 patients (70%). Seven of 30 patients presented with a peridevice leak on transesophageal echocardiography. Among the remaining 23 patients, 14 (61%) presented with incomplete endothelialization and 9 (39%) presented with complete endothelialization. There was no statistical difference between the patients presenting with complete vs incomplete endothelialization.


We found that incomplete endothelialization, defined as residual permeability on cardiac computed tomography without peridevice leak on transesophageal echocardiography, occurred in 61% of the patients after 10 ± 6 months of percutaneous LAA closure. Predisposing factors and appropriate monitoring of LAA patients remain to be determined in larger cohorts.


atrial fibrillation; left atrial appendage; percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion; stroke prevention

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