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Ann Fam Med. 2018 May;16(3):240-245. doi: 10.1370/afm.2208.

Roles and Functions of Community Health Workers in Primary Care.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington andreah@uw.edu.
2
Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington.

Abstract

Community health workers have potential to enhance primary care access and quality, but remain underutilized. To provide guidance on their integration, we characterized roles and functions of community health workers in primary care through a literature review and synthesis. Analysis of 30 studies identified 12 functions (ie, care coordination, health coaching, social support, health assessment, resource linking, case management, medication management, remote care, follow-up, administration, health education, and literacy support) and 3 prominent roles representing clusters of functions: clinical services, community resource connections, and health education and coaching. We discuss implications for community health worker training and clinical support in primary care.

KEYWORDS:

community health workers; patient care team; primary health care

PMID:
29760028
PMCID:
PMC5951253
DOI:
10.1370/afm.2208
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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