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Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2018 Sep;255:50-57. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2018.05.006. Epub 2018 May 28.

Curcumin attenuates chronic intermittent hypoxia-induced brain injuries by inhibiting AQP4 and p38 MAPK pathway.

Author information

1
Institute of Respiratory Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China.
2
Institute of Respiratory Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: wwbycmu@126.com.

Abstract

Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is one of the main features of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is also commonly associated with neurocognitive impairments. The present study aimed to elucidate the beneficial effect of curcumin on CIH-induced brain injuries. Male balb/c mice (6 ∼ 8 weeks) were exposed to normoxia or a pattern of CIH (8 h/day, cycles of 180 s each, hypoxia: 5% O2 for 50 s, reoxygenation: 21% O2 for 50 s) for 10 weeks, along with daily curcumin treatment (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg, intragastrically) or its vehicle. The results showed that CIH induced significant brain edema, as well as neuronal apoptosis and astrogliosis in the cerebral cortex, brainstem, and cerebellum regions of brain. In addition, increased astrocytic AQP4 expression and activation of p38 MAPK pathway were observed after CIH exposure. Curcumin dose-dependently mitigated the brain edema and relevant cell alterations, showing a neuroprotective effect in CIH-induced brain injury. Together, these results suggest curcumin ameliorates the CIH-induced brain injuries, including brain edema, neuronal death and astrogliosis. The beneficial role of curcumin is mediated partially by regulating AQP4 and p38 MAPK pathway.

KEYWORDS:

AQP4; Astrogliosis; Brain edema; Curcumin chronic intermittent hypoxia; p38 MAPK

PMID:
29758366
DOI:
10.1016/j.resp.2018.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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