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Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 1988 Dec;6(2):107-10.

Hepatitis B immunization in high risk neonates born from HBsAg and HBeAg positive mothers: comparison of standard and low dose regimens.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

A reduced dose of plasma derived hepatitis B vaccine (Hevac B) was tested for efficacy in the prevention of perinatal hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission in high risk neonates born from e-antigen positive HBsAg carrier mothers. Forty newborn infants born of these mothers were given hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) 100 IU intramuscularly immediately after birth, combined with either standard or reduced doses of HBV vaccine. The infants were divided into two groups of 20 infants each. The standard dose of HBV vaccine (5 micrograms) was given to group I, while infants in group II received reduced dose (2 micrograms) at birth and at 1, 2 and 12 months of age. There was no statistically significant difference in the efficacy and antibody responses of these two combined prophylaxis regimens. The protective efficacy rate of HBV vaccine was found to be 94.0 and 93.2 percent in group I and group II, respectively. At twelve months of age, the anti-HBs seroconversion rates were 80.0 percent in group I and 86.7 percent in group II, with geometric mean titres of 84.57 mlU/ml and 78.56 mlU/ml, in group I and group II, respectively. One month after a booster at one year of age, anti-HBs could be detected in 86.7 percent of the infants in both groups. The geometric mean titres were 429.04 and 664.81 mlU/ml, in group I and group II, respectively. Anti-PreS2 antibody was detected in high titre as early as 4 months after the first dose of HBV vaccine, with a geometric mean titre of 116.30 mlU/ml and 107.97 mlU/ml, in group I and group II, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2975491
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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