Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2018 Sep;97(9):1130-1136. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13367. Epub 2018 May 29.

Comparison of transvaginal ultrasound and saline contrast sonohysterography in evaluation of cesarean scar defect: a prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
2
Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
3
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
4
Tampere University Central Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
5
Laboratory of Cancer Biology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of post-cesarean isthmocele and to measure agreement between transvaginal ultrasonography and saline contrast sonohysterography in assessment of isthmocele.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A prospective observational cohort study was carried out at Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Non-pregnant women delivered by cesarean section (n = 371) were examined with transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) and sonohysterography (SHG) six months after cesarean section. The main outcome measure was the prevalence of isthmocele using TVUS and SHG. Secondary outcome measures were characteristics of isthmocele.

RESULTS:

In all, 371 women were included. The prevalence of isthmocele was 22.4% based on TVUS and 45.6% based on SHG. Sensitivity and specificity for TVUS was 49.1 and 100%, respectively, when compared with SHG. Therefore, half of the defects (50.9%) diagnosed with SHG remained undiagnosed with TVUS. Bland-Altman analysis showed an underestimation of 1.1 mm (range 0.00-7.90) for TVUS compared with SHG, with 95% limits of agreement from -1.9 to 4.1 mm.

CONCLUSIONS:

This methodological study provides confirmatory data that TVUS and SHG are not in good agreement in the isthmocele diagnostics and the use of only TVUS may lead to an underestimation of the prevalence of isthmocele. Thus, SHG should be considered as a method of choice in diagnostics of isthmocele.

KEYWORDS:

Cesarean scar defect; cesarean section; isthmocele; niche; sonohysterography

PMID:
29754409
DOI:
10.1111/aogs.13367
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center