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J Adv Nurs. 2018 May 13. doi: 10.1111/jan.13711. [Epub ahead of print]

Nurses' needs for care robots in integrated nursing care services.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
2
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
4
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

AIMS:

To determine the need for care robots among nurses and to suggest how robotic care should be prioritized in integrated nursing care services.

BACKGROUND:

Korea is expected to be a super-aged society by 2030. To solve care issues with elderly inpatient caused by informal caregivers, the government introduced "integrated nursing care services"; these are comprehensive care systems staffed by professionally trained nurses. To assist them, a care robot development project has been launched.

DESIGN:

The study applied a cross-sectional survey.

METHODS:

In 2016, we conducted a multicentre survey involving 302 Registered Nurses in five hospitals including three tertiary and two secondary hospitals in Korea. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of nurses and their views on and extents of agreement about issues associated with robotic care.

RESULTS:

Trial centre nurses and those with ≥10 years of experience reported positively on the prospects for robotic care. The top-three desired primary roles for care robots were "measuring/monitoring", "mobility/activity" and "safety care". "Reduction in workload", especially in terms of "other nursing services" which were categorized as nonvalue-added nursing activities, was the most valued feature. The nurses approved of the aid by care robots but were concerned about device malfunction and interruption of rapport with patients.

CONCLUSION:

Care robots are expected to be effective in integrated nursing care services, particularly in "measuring/monitoring". Such robots should decrease nurses' workload and minimize nonvalue-added nursing activities efficiently. No matter how excellent care robots are, they must cooperate with and be controlled by nurses.

KEYWORDS:

care robot; inpatient care; integrated nursing care services; needs; nurses

PMID:
29754395
DOI:
10.1111/jan.13711

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