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J Cyst Fibros. 2018 Sep;17(5):636-642. doi: 10.1016/j.jcf.2018.04.006. Epub 2018 May 8.

A prospective analysis of unplanned patient-initiated contacts in an adult cystic fibrosis centre.

Author information

1
Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Electronic address: esperieburnet@gmail.com.
2
Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Electronic address: dominique.hubert@aphp.fr.
3
Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
4
Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Electronic address: isabelle.honore2@aphp.fr.
5
Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Electronic address: reem.kanaan@aphp.fr.
6
Adult Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address: pierre-regis.burgel@aphp.fr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Timely response should be provided when patients contact the cystic fibrosis (CF) centre in between scheduled visits. Little data exist on unplanned patient-initiated contacts in CF adults.

METHODS:

A two-stage prospective study was undertaken from 1 January to 31 December 2015 at Cochin Hospital, Paris (France). The first stage included all adults (≥18 years) who initiated unplanned contacts to the CF centre over four months. Four physicians and three nurses systematically recorded unplanned patient-initiated contacts. The data was analysed to determine why and how patients contacted the CF centre and time spent responding to their request(s). The second stage (one physician, three nurses) lasted twelve months and explored whether high contact frequency was associated with disease severity, using multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS:

In the first stage, 259 of 410 patients (63%) initiated at least one unplanned contact, corresponding to 1067 contacts over 4 months. Patients favoured email with physicians (61% of contacts) and telephone with nurses (87% of contacts). Total time spent by the 7 caregivers on providing responses was 8 h/work week. Reasons for contacting the CF centre varied greatly, but <20% of contacts were directly related to symptom management. In the second stage, 180 of 212 patients (85%) initiated 1876 contacts over 12 months. Factors associated with ≥5 contacts/year were female sex, FEV1 ≤ 30% predicted, ≥5 physician visits/year, and ≥ 1 hospital admission/year.

CONCLUSIONS:

Answering unplanned patient-initiated contacts represented a significant workload for CF caregivers. Increased disease severity was associated with high contact frequency.

KEYWORDS:

Ambulatory care; Contact frequency; Continuity of care; Outpatient; Patient-initiated contact; Telephone triage

PMID:
29748153
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcf.2018.04.006

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